Why check your blood sugar?

Juvenile diabetes and fatty diabetes

Table of Contents

Intense thirst, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, fatigue, visual disturbances, itching, difficult wound healing … the first symptoms of diabetes often go unnoticed or are attributed to other causes. It is believed that in Europe only, to the 60 millions diabetics who are aware of it, there should be a fifth that did not know until their health worsened dramatically. Unfortunately for them, if diabetes is not discovered and treated promptly, the consequences can be very serious and even fatal. In industrialized countries, diabetes is the third leading cause of mortality after cardiovascular disease and cancer.

As is well known, diabetes mellitus is characterized by too high a blood sugar (excess sugar in the blood), caused by insufficient insulin secretion. The latter has the function of lowering the blood glucose level. Causes of insulin deficiency, a slowed pancreas activity or an abnormally high body requirement.

Juvenile diabetes and fatty diabetes

In the first case, it is insulin-dependent diabetes: the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas are destroyed, no doubt as a result of the impaired functioning of the immune system. This hereditary anomaly cannot be corrected by any nutritional measure. Insulin-dependent diabetes occurs at a young age, before the age of 20, sometimes shortly after birth, and requires precise therapy and a strict regimen. In the second case, the pancreas secretes, at least at the beginning of the disease, a normal amount of insulin, but the tissues require more. It is non-insulin-dependent diabetes, less severe and much more widespread (85%). Here too it is a question of a family disease, in which nutritional factors are very influential. This diabetes, also called “fat”, is more frequent among people who have, or have had, problems with being overweight.

Other risk factors

 

Nutrition and sport

If the diagnosis is early, a change in eating habits and increased physical activity are often enough to control it. And here are the main dietary rules:

The consequences of late diagnosis

Unfortunately, for about a third of diabetics, the diagnosis occurs at an advanced stage, 5 to 10 years after the appearance, when it has already caused irreversible damage. In the long term, hyperglycemia hinders the healing process of wounds and the healing of infections. It can also cause changes in the arteries and heart (arteritis of the lower limbs, coronary insufficiency) as well as impaired vision (retinopathy), kidneys (nephropathy) and nervous system (neuropathy).

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in Western countries. Kidney disease, which affects 40% of patients, can evolve towards kidney failure. Neuropathy mainly results in decreased sensitivity of the feet and legs. When combined with infectious complications, it risks causing ulceration and even gangrene that makes amputation necessary.

It is clear that an early diagnosis decisively determines the fate of the patient: hence the importance, for people at risk, of a regular check-up (at the pharmacy, at the doctor, in a diabetic clinic or at home).

Today there are devices for measuring blood glucose, of simple and ultra-fast (30 seconds) use, very light (50 g!) And therefore easy to carry. They ensure very precise results. Moreover, a not insignificant detail, they are affordable.
With these devices no negligence is justified anymore!

In conclusion

Regular blood glucose control is undoubtedly the most important means for the early identification of diabetes. As we have seen, diagnosed in time, it allows you to apply the appropriate measures thus avoiding fearful consequences. Stabilized diabetes does not shorten life and, more importantly, it does not ruin it.

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16 Responses

  1. Even those who do not have diabetes can use tests to make sure their blood sugar level is normal.

  2. People with type 1 diabetes should test their blood sugar level before eating a meal or snack, before and after physical activity, before going to sleep and before engaging in activities such as driving.

  3. Individuals with type 2 diabetes should check their blood sugar level as people with type 1 diabetes do.

  4. Healthy individuals and those who have type 2 diabetes under control with exercise and diet do not need daily blood glucose tests. However, they must periodically undergo laboratory tests.

  5. For individuals without diabetes (especially those who are at risk of developing the condition) it is important to periodically check their blood sugar level to see if the values are normal.

  6. If your blood sugar is not well controlled, you run the risk of serious complications, including: nerve damage, heart disease, kidney problems and vision loss.

  7. Blood glucose levels are considered the most important parameters in blood measurement, precisely because a fluctuation could be a symptom of serious complications.

  8. Blood sugar levels can rise out of control if the body is unable to properly convey the sugars from the blood to the cells.

  9. Increase the amount of vegetables and fiber: fibers slow down the digestion of carbohydrates and the absorption of sugars, so they remain in a stable and controlled manner.

  10. There are two types of fibers: one soluble and the other insoluble. Both are important, but soluble fiber has been shown to significantly lower blood sugar levels.

  11. Drinking lots of water is good for you but we don’t realize how much it actually is. It becomes essential to keep blood sugar levels low.

  12. Consuming proteins regularly will keep the sugar levels down: they increase the sense of satiety and reduce the need for carbohydrates.

  13. As in many other cases, when it comes to the health of our body, by controlling the levels of stress we are also able to lower those of sugars. For example, hormones such as glucagon or cortisol are secreted when stress levels rise and both raise blood sugar levels.

  14. Very useful suggestions both to discover any beginning of a blood anomaly, and to keep under control if it is already present. I discovered a small variation even without any disturbance, in this way I activated myself to avoid deterioration. Thanks.

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