Weight and health

weight and health

Excessive amounts of body fat constitute a health hazard, especially due to the risk of some diseases

(such as coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and some types of cancer), respiratory failure (sleep apnea) and the consequences "Mechanical" caused by overloading on the joints (spine, knees, hips, etc.).

The greater the excess weight due to fat, the greater the risk. There are also some types of body fat distribution (on the trunk: typical of men and women after menopause) where the risk to health, with the same excess weight, is higher than for others (on the hips and thighs) : typical of women of childbearing age). 

It is therefore necessary that people with this risky body profile monitor their weight more carefully. Excess body fat can be of varying degrees. The mildest grade is classified as overweight. Moderate obesity and severe obesity follow. 

The risk to health becomes more concrete in the category of moderate obesity, and grows significantly with increasing weight. The inverse problem of obesity – but equally serious, although less common – is that of thinness. Today a growing number of adolescents and young people are incited by modern aesthetic models proposed by the mass media to reduce weight to such low values that they are no longer compatible with good health. 

In fact, when the fat reserves are excessively reduced and not enough energy is introduced with food, the body, in order to cope with energy demands, is obliged to damage its muscles and internal organs. Therefore many metabolic and endocrine functions are compromised: resistance to infectious diseases decreases; the bones weaken; the regularity of the menstrual cycle can be altered.

Even mental faculties, mood and interpersonal relationships are compromised and, in the most serious cases, death can occur. Pathological thinness must therefore be prevented and combated. As for obesity, various degrees are distinguished also by thinness: the lightest is classified as underweight, followed by moderate thinness and severe thinness.

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14 Responses

      1. It is appropriate to measure the ratio between weight and height, by measuring the Body Mass Index.

          1. I have just used the tool on your fitness page, (thanks for the useful tip), and for those who have not yet understood well here is my explanation: By taking the weight in kg and dividing it by the height in meters squared, (I have used the metrics), the BMI is obtained. If the latter falls above 30, the subject is considered obese. If you remain above 25, you can be considered overweight, while below 18 you are considered underweight. Note that if you stay under 16 it is a serious case of thinness and you need the advice of an expert.

            1. Note that you do not become obese or too thin simply because you get used to eating a certain food (for example, a person eats low-fat cheese compared to another person fond of fat cheese), but often it is DNA, together with the style of life that affects our fat mass.

              1. If that is the case, shouldn’t also the thinness by constitution be given by factors mainly related to DNA?

                1. An American study reveals the secrets of thinness, starting with the most important: do not go on a diet.

      1. The BMI is an index that can give us an immediate assessment of the weight status, but it is not the only one that links the physical state to health, for instance, the width of the abdominal circumference or waistline beyond the limit of 82 cm for the woman and 102 for men (clinically recognized as abdominal obesity), can be a sign of an increased cardiovascular risk.

        1. Having verified the state in which you find yourself, it is also necessary to evaluate how the mass that determines the weight is composed. Evaluating body composition means measuring the different components that make up the body: bones, organs, muscle, water etc.

          1. As in all averages based surveys, BMI is not always an exact index. The index over 30 may be unreliable in diagnosing the extent of obesity in individuals who have powerful muscle masses such as bodybuilders.

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